AEOLIAN- VOCALION and VOCALION
The Aeolian Company, of New York, was a major manufacturer of organs and other musical instruments when it went into records in 1915 with a limited (experimental?) production before introducing its fine-groove vertical-cut discs in 1916. Its studio was at Aeolian Hall in new York, and it had pressing plants in Meridan, Connecticut and New York. The company prided itself on the quality of its musical instruments and extended that care in the production of their records. Early releases included some jazz, including the Original Dixieland Jazz Band. European masters were obtained from The Orchestrelle Company of 225 Regent Street, London, which produced for export only. (Orchestrelle later became The Aeolian Company, of London, and introduced the British Vocalion records in December 1920). Laterally cut masters were introduced in December 1919 and the vertical-cut was discontinued a month later.
The Vocalion label was introduced in 1921, replacing the Aeolian-Vocalion label
The Aeolian Company sold its record divison to Brunswick-Balke-Collender Co., in 1924. Sutton [S] notes, ‘Brunswick's aquisition of Vocalionqucikly became apparent .... pressings were transfered to Brunswick's facilities. The distinctive Vocalion labelsurvived till 1935 when a simplified scroll design in gold on black was introduced. It was one of the most popular of records in the late 1930s, buit its success was short-lived., In December 1938 the record division was bought by the Columbia Broadcasting System which discontinued production of Brunswick in April 1940. Vocalion also went by the board a few months later in favour of the Okeh label, and the advertising of the period was ‘Instead of Vocalion, just say Okeh'. However, the dropping of the Vocalion label was in default of early licenssing agreements, and the label appeared occassionally later, even into the 1960's as a cheap discount store LP.
Main references Sutton [S] and Rust [R].
L109 c4 AEOLIAN VOCALION
The Aeolian Company 1916.
A14120 SWEETEST LADY (Caddigan, Storey). Elliot
Shaw (with) Orchestra Accompaniment.
B14120 WHEN I FOUND YOU (Romberg). From
'Poor Little Ritz Girl'.
Sam Ash. Orchestra Accompaniment. [Brown disc].
L169 c3 AOELIAN VOCALION The Aeolian Company.
A12106. PERSIAN MOON (Kaufman). Aeolian Dance
B12106 THE VELVET LADY WALTZES (Victor Herbert)
L12-004 AEOLIAN VOCALION.
The Aeolian Company Ltd, London. Manufactured in England.
L12-004A Reverse of L12-004. EXPLANATORY NOTES
L107 c2 AEOLIAN VOCALION
The Aeolian Company Ltd, London.
Manufactured in England.
X-9020 DARDANEELLA (Bernard and Black). Played by Biese's Novelty Orchestra.
X-9020 SWANEE (Caesar, Gershwin). Played by Yerkes' Dance Orchestra.).
J640 sc4+ VOCALION ORIGINS OF JAZZ Made in England
V1003 (XYZ3568A). AFTER YOU'VE GONE (Creamer, Layton)
Johnny Dodds Black Bottom Stompers. George Mitchell and Ruben Reeves, cornets. Gerald Reeves, trombone. Johnny Dodds, clarinet. Charlie Anderson, piano. Bud Scott, banjo. Baby Dodds, drums.
V1003 (XYZ3568B). COME ON AND STOMP, STOMP, STOMP (Smith, Waller, Mills). Ibid.
L119 c3 VOCALION
The Aeoloan Company.
A14687 NOBODY ELSE CAN LOVE ME LIKE MY OLD TOMATO CAN (Downs, Baskette)
Irving Kaufman. Salvin's Orchestra Accompaniment. Comedy Song.
B14687 BACK IN THE OLD NEIGHBORHOOD (Hager) Ibid.
Note the date: 1921
L188 c3 VOCALION Made in USA.
04554 (C2385). WHEN PAW WAS COURTIN' MAW (Manus, Joy)
Hoosier Hot Shots. Novelty Hot Dance with Singing.
04554 (C2387). FERDINAND THE BULL (Morey, Malotte). From ‘Ferdinand the Bull'. Ibid. [With original Vocalion sleeve. Record has been ‘repaired' with Araldite at each end of a long crack.]
The Aeolian Company in Sydney started importingh English Vocalion records in 1925. In 1927 the first local pressings from English masters for Vocalion and Aco were issued. There was some Australian conetnt of artists, apparently recorded in England for the Australian market only. (From Miller [M]).
L098 c4 VOCALION
Vocalion Records, Melbourne, Vic. Manufactured in Australia
U7-08 sc3+ VOCALION
MIDGET Made in Australia.