(a) The Starr Piano
Co, Richmiond, Indiana.
The Starr Piano Company was in the instrument business for many years before it launched into the recor business in 1917. The label was named aafter the Gennett brothers - Harry, Clarence and Fred who were the principle officers of the company at the time.
The first issue was released in October 1917, a vertical-cut disc with 150 ‘tracks' to the inch that enabled a five minute playing time. There were two recording studios - the one in Richmond, Indiana was close to a railway track and thus resulted in problems when a train went past. Presumably they simply stopped recording. The other was in quieter New York. Interestingly, the price of these early vertical cut disc was refelected in the first two digits of the catalog number series, hence the 4500 series sold at 45 cents. This went right up to the 1000 series.
The vertical-cut records were abandoned after the end of WW1, and the first lateral-cut record was released in April 1919, in the 6000 series.
Artists: Rust [R] is most prolific in praise for the many jazz artists that were recorded by Gennett, but not for the quality of the recordings, unfortunately, which he describes as ‘fair'. Artists included ther Original Dixieland Jazz Band on the forst issues of lateral-cut records, thus in 1919. Sam Lanin's band is recorded as Ladd's Black Aces (why the pseudonym?). Bailey's Lucky Seven was another Lanin band. From 1923, Gennett included Louis Armstrong, Johnny Dodds, Bix Biederbecke, the new Orleans Rhythm Kings, Hoagy Carmichael - and the first ssolo by Jelly Roll Morton.
Subsidiary labels: Chamption, Buddy, Superior, Supertone. In England, Gennett recordings can be found on Aco, Beltona, Coliseum, Edison Bell Winner, Guardsman, Homochord, Scala, Sterno, Tower and Vocalion.
Important: See also
Starr (Gennett, Canada).
GENNETT Division of The Starr Piano Co.. Richmond, Ind. [USA]
GENNETT Division of The Starr Piano Co., Richmond, Ind[iana,
L122 c3 GENNETT
Gennett Records, Richmond, Ind[iana], USA.
GENNETT Gennett Records, Richmond, Ind[iana], USA.
GENNETT Richmond, Indiana [USA]
GENNETT Division of The Starr Piano Co., Richmond, Ind.
GENNETT Gennett Records, Richmond, Ind. [USA]